The Bracero program refers to agreements between the U.S. and Mexican governments that allowed Mexican workers to hold seasonal jobs on U.S. farms. Both the 1917-21 Bracero and 1942-64 programs, which began in wartime and continued after the end of the First and Second World War. Second, there have been gaps between the program rules and the realities of employment that have become evident over time and have contributed to U.S. decisions to end both programs. Legislative Reference Service of the Assembly. 1963. Mexican national work in California agriculture. The Braceros have also been discriminated against and segregated in labour camps. Some ranchers went into the scope of the construction of three labour camps, one for whites, the other for blacks and the other for Mexicans.

[48] The living conditions were terrible, unsanitary and bad. One example is the 1943 Grants Pass, Oregon, 500 Braceros were poisoned, which is one of the most serious cases of food poisoning in the northwest. This wear and tear in the quality and quantity of food continued until 1945, when the Mexican government intervened. [49] Lack of food, poor living conditions, discrimination and exploitation have led braceros to actively engage in strikes and successfully negotiate their conditions. The first Bracero program allowed farmers in the Western United States, starting in May 1917, to recruit and employ „unauthorized foreigners“ to work on railways and farms; the United States entered World War I in April 1917. The availability of these early Mexican bracers, mainly used for fine beets, weeds and beets, has encouraged growers to plant more beets. Like the LaFollette committee, the Truman commission recommended that farm workers be covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act, which sets the minimum wage, and the National Labor Relations Act, which grants a right to be to trade union organizations. The Commission recommended sanctions against U.S. employers who hired unauthorized workers and efforts to convince U.S. farmers to hire more American workers than more Braceros.

California`s problems in land work. California State Senate Fact Finding Committee on Labor and Welfare. The Bracero program (from the Spanish term bracero, what „manual worker“ or „one who works with his arms“) was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements that were launched on August 4, 1942, when the United States signed the Mexican Agricultural Laboratory Agreement with Mexico. [1] For these agricultural workers, the agreement guaranteed decent living conditions (sanitary, decent housing and food) and a minimum wage of 30 cents per hour, as well as protection against forced defence and guaranteed a portion of wages in a private savings account in Mexico; it also authorized the importation of contract workers from Guam as a temporary measure in the early stages of the Second World War. [2] During World War II, for every recording of Bracéron, there was about a fear of an unauthorized Mexican.